Naevus lipomatosus superficialis

What is it nevus lipomatous superficialis?

Naevus lipomatosus superficialis is a development malformation (a cutaneous hamartoma or type of birthmark).

Two types are described: the classical type (also called Hoffmann-Zurhelle) and the solitary type. Other names for superficial lipomatous nevus are superficial lipomatous nevus and fatty nevus.

Naevus lipomatosus superficialis

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Naevus lipomatosus superficialis

Who gets naevus lipomatosus superficialis?

Naevus lipomatosus superficialis is rare. It can affect anyone regardless of sex or race

The classic type of naevus lipomatosus superficialis is present at birth or appears during the first 3 decades of life. The lonely guy emerges after the second decade.

What causes superficial lipomatous nevus?

The cause of superficial lipomatous nevus is unknown.

What are the clinical characteristics of the superficial lipomatous nevus?

In the most common classic form of superficial lipomatous nevus, there are clusters of smooth, yellow, and skin-colored lumpy lesions on the lower back, buttocks, and upper thigh, usually following a single-nerve pattern distribution of that area (a zosteriform model).

In the solitary form, there is a single smooth, yellow skin the color of skin. subcutaneous swelling that can occur anywhere in the body.

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Skin lesions are not associated with any symptoms.

What are the complications of superficial lipomatous nevus?

The main concern of the patient is cosmetic.

Naevus lipomatosus superficialis can rarely present with ulceration and necrosis.

How is naevus lipomatosus superficialis diagnosed?

Naevus lipomatosus superficialis is diagnosed by histopathological examination of a skin biopsy. Mature fat cells are in the dermis and they are not connected to the subcutaneous tissue where fat cells generally reside.

Which is the differential diagnosis of nevus lipomatosus superficialis?

The classic type of superficial lipomatous nevus can be misdiagnosed as:

  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Lipoma
  • Sebaceous nevus
  • Warty epidermal nevus
  • Connective tissue nevus.

The lonely type can be misdiagnosed as:

  • Fibroepithelial polyp (skin tag)
  • Lipoma
  • Accessory nipple
  • Lymphatic malformation
  • Hemangioma
  • Neurofibroma
  • Trichoepithelioma
  • Cylindroma

What is the treatment for superficial lipomatous nevus?

As naevus lipomatosus superficialis is a benign condition, it is better to leave it untreated.

Surgical excision is the best option if treatment is needed for cosmetic reasons or if the injury is ulcerated

What is the result for superficial lipomatous nevus?

Excision of naevus lipomatosus superficialis is usually curative.